Bob Marley

Bob Marley - The imperfect motivator:

It stood for love, peace and resistance, but also Rastafarian orthodoxy. Bob Marley would have been 75 today.

Bob Marley was a musician, political activist, entrepreneur, free thinker and the first artist to call the young Rastafarian faith out into the world. In 1977 Cowan got a call from Marley, who was in exile in London.

It was shaken by the violence between supporters of the Socialist People’s National Party and the economically liberal Jamaica Labor Party.

With the “One Love Peace” concert, he wanted to bring the supporters of both parties together peacefully.

As a Rastafarian, Marley worshipped Ethiopian King Haile Selassie in 1930 as a living black god. In their belief, they need to return spiritually to their African homeland, Ethiopia.

Bob Marley Rastafarian: a utopia of love and freedom:

Because in the early years of the Rastafarian boom in the 1950s and 1960s, when this belief was largely dominated by men, women were marginalized, excluded from certain rituals or were not allowed to wear pants.

In orthodox village communities, there was a separate house for women, in which they had to withdraw during their menstruation.

Many men, including Bob Marley, lived in polygamy. After Marley was initially critical of Rastafari, at the end of his career he became more and more Orthodox in his interpretation.

The reason for this was his skin cancer diagnosis from 1977, which he did not have due to his belief. A continuing criticism of the Rastafarians is the rejection of homosexuality.

This old dogma is slowly beginning to soften. For example, the avowed Rastafarian Buju Banton distanced himself from his homophobic texts and statements last year.

This provided a lot of positive feedback in the Jamaican LGBTQ community, whose interest group J-Flag has now held five feelings of pride on the island.

Besides, Demarco, who lives in New York, was the first Jamaican dancehall artist to emerge earlier this year.

Marley was born on February 6, 1945, the son of Afro-Jamaican Cedella Malcolm and Englishman Norval Sinclair Marley in the small village of Nine Miles. Bob Marley himself will later have eleven children with seven different women.

Bob Marley Successful large patchwork family:

The best-known woman in this extended Jamaican patchwork family is wife Rita Marley, who also participated as a singer in her husband's band, I-Threes.

In addition to the musically successful children Ziggy, Stephen, Damian, Julian and Ky-Mani, who together won 16 Grammys, it is primarily Rohan Marley, born in 1972, who continues his father's business acumen. Because he was already active beyond the music industry.

For example, Bob Marley had a plan to buy a farm outside of Kingston to give unemployed youth from the ghettos a job - a plan he never realized before he died.

With the sustainable and fair-trade-licensed Marley Coffee, the son ultimately turns his father's idea into reality - a good 39 years after his death, he invests in agriculture.

Another branch of the busy businessman is the eco-headphone brand "House of Marley". Bob Marley's iconization, which continues to this day, has many factors.

On the one hand, there is the "export" of his music to Europe: The labour shortage in England, which brought thousands of people from Jamaica, Trinidad, Tobago and other

Caribbean countries to the British Isles as a so-called "Windrush generation" between 1948 and 1971, also ensured this that their culture succeeded in Britain.

For example, Jamaican music was very popular in working-class areas. Musically, Joe Higgs was Marley's primary teacher.

Like Marley, the singer and songwriter lived in the social housing district of Trenchtown in the early 1960s.

Higgs taught Marley guitar, but he also taught Bob and his fellow musicians Bunny Wailer and Peter Tosh in singing and harmony.

Reggae originated in a time of economic depression in Jamaica, which is reflected in the sound, for example in the song "Natural Mystic", the first track of the album "Exodus", with its bassline and deep, dull organ, which are occasionally interrupted by airy guitar riffs.

There, old companions like Bongo Herman, Toots Hibbert, but also young reggae acts like Mortimer and Jesse Royal want to honour the legendary and imperfect man from Nine Miles.


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