1st of November holiday

1st of November holiday:

November 1, 2019, is a public holiday in five German states. Reason: The Catholics of the deceased commemorate All Saints. FOCUS Online shows where you get off on 1 November and how believers commit the day.

A holiday in All Saints in these five states:

  • Baden-Wurttemberg
  • Bavaria
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Rheinland-Pfalz
  • Saarland

In Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg the 1. November falls additionally into the autumn holidays. However, this is no reason to celebrate: All Saints Day is considered a "quiet holiday".

Loud music and party are considered inappropriate - in North Rhine-Westphalia for example from 5 to 18 o'clock. An all-day ban on dancing is valid in Bavaria.

All Saints and All Souls:

Originally, November 1st was not a day of the memory of the dead, but an Easter feast in which the Church of the Unknown Saints is remembered. The actual death day is November 2nd, Allerseelen.

What is celebrated on All Saints Day:

On All Saints' Day, the Church confesses "that there is a great multitude of people of all times and peoples whose lives have lasted forever and ever". The Annunciation is shaped by the belief that many deceased can be revered as saints.

Of these people, the church assumes that they have reached the highest perfection of their life in communion with God. All Saints' Day is not just the festival of the officially sanctified.

Commemoration ceremonies in the cemeteries:

As every year, on the afternoon of All Saints' Day (Friday), many Catholic Christians gather in cemeteries to commemorate their dead. Graves are decorated and illuminated by hundreds of candles, the so-called Soul Lights.

In the Western Church of All Saints Day is celebrated since the ninth century on 1 November. The initiator of the festival is the medieval theologian Alcuin.

On the 2nd of November, All Souls will arrive:

The All Souls' Day, which took place on 2 November, established itself 200 years later, starting from the French Benedictine monastery Cluny.

On that day, the dead are conceived who, the Church assumes, are in a state of purification and have not yet attained full communion with God. For these people is prayed to help them; the saints, on the other hand, are being asked for help.

All Saints and All Souls are based on the conviction that there is a connection between the living and the dead through Jesus Christ.

What customs are entwined around All Saints and All Souls?

On these days, many people visit the graves of their loved ones, who were festively decorated for the occasion.

Especially in Catholic regions, there are graves and grave blessings. Often come to family members from near and far together.

In southern Germany, sweet soul crumbs or soul pretzels are being baked these days. These are made from puff pastry and sprinkled with almonds or sugar.

Above all, children associate with All Saints' Day the Halloween tradition on the eve, which has been spilling from the English-speaking world to Germany for some time now.

The origin of this festival is closely connected with the Christian Day of All Saints. So the name goes back to the English name "All Hallows eve", so the eve of the All Saints' Day.

In Mexico, the "Dia de Los Muertos" is celebrated around All Saints, a colourful folk festival in honour of the dead, in which indigenous and Christian traditions have mingled.

Reformation Day: Protestant holiday on October 31st:

In Protestant states in Germany, the 1st of November is not a public holiday, but in nine federal states, the citizens are free to do so on 31st October - on this day the Reformation Day is celebrated.

In these states, the 31st of October is a public holiday. In Berlin and Hesse, neither day is a public holiday.

However, the capital decided to introduce World Women's Day on 8 March as a public holiday for the first time in 2019.


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